Subhas Chandra Bose was one of the greatest Indian nationalists whose patriotism him the most respected leaders in India and the consequent Indian Freedom movement. However, the life of Subhas Chandra Bose was more a series of controversies as he was eventually led into the alliance with the Axis Powers and the infamous Nazi government and the Imperial Japan in the World War II to defeat the British rule India and Imperial Japan. Since he associated with the Axis Powers to the end of his era as an Indian leader against the British imperialism left him in the troubled waters. He is also considered as the leader of the independent Azad Hind that was one of the influential armies of the times.
Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack , Odisha then a division of Bengal Province on 23 January 1897 to mother Prabhavati Devi and father Janakinath Bose, who was an advocate. He was the ninth sibling of 14 children to the Bose and Prabhavati. As a child Bose was admitted to the Protestant European School, so was his brothers and sisters, He continued his studies at the school till 1909 and then got into the Ravenshaw Collegiate School and later Subhas secured the second position in the matriculation in the year 1913, and thereafter he was admitted to the Presidency College where he spent all of his academic years.
It is believed that his temperament for Indian Independence was evoked as when he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten for his anti-India comments. He later graduated with B.A. in 1918 in Scottish Church College affiliated to the University of Calcutta. Bose went on to England to appear for Indian Civil Services examination as the promise kept with his father. He studied at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge and thereafter matriculated in 1919. He ranked fourth in the ICS examination and was readily selected, but Bose had already felt the alienated world under the British Government and he did not want to be the part of the British rule in India as his emotions tied him back to his country. As he was on the verge of resigning from the Indian Civil Service in 1921, and returned to India, the same year.
Thereafter the most prominent era had begun with leaders and freedom fighters who united in the cause of gaining independence for the country. Earlier to his rise, Bose had been associated with the radical group in the Indian National Congress through the period of 1920’s and 1930’s . But in 1939, he was removed from Congress leadership positions as he had differences with then leader Mahatma Gandhi and the higher leaders in Congress. Bose also was subsequently remanded under house arrest by the British and later escaped the country in 1940.
His service to nation
Bose later was in Germany where he continued his struggle for Indian Independence alongside the Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler and the leaders of the Axis Powers, Bose managed to set a Free India Center up in Berlin, with the help of German funds. Though, many Indians believe that Bose was most powerful and influential leaders to have had trouble for the British in the final years of their imperial powers in India. The Azad Hind had been growing with the support of Japanese and the influence of the Axis Powers that could have led freedom to the country. But in light to the defeat of the Axis powers to the more extended Allied forces led the plans to the turmoil. However, in the wake of the end of the disastrous Second World War, the growing domestic intolerance in India and the losses for the British following the war led the dissolution of the Imperial India.
The Indian independence, however, eventually led to the rise of the countries of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. With the brief note on History, Bose has been one of the most prolific threats to the British Government over the years and remains as a legendary vision for the country thereafter. He was also famed as one of the greatest leaders, the country has ever seen and the Azad Hind force was also amongst the largest in the world in the times. Unfortunately, before he could see the light of Indian Independence, he succumbed to burn injuries following Plane crash in Taiwan. Before his unfortunate end, he had been regarded by many as the greatest Indian Leader to have influenced the Indian Independence Movement to have really been against the British Imperialism.
However, it is also believed that since Bose had associated with the Axis forces, he take to take the direct brunt of the defeat in the Second World War and left emotionally crippled following the war.