Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and since has been the most prolific figure in Indian politics throughout the era of Indian Independence. He was a paramount leader and was one of the closest aides of Mahatma Gandhi. He ruled the country until his demise in 1964. He is often associated with the architect of the modern India that stance as a socialist, secular, and democratic republic. He was also refer as Pandit Nehru as he belonged to the Pandit family of Kashmir. Jawaharlal Nehru was born to Motilal Nehru and Swaroop Rani, in Allahabad which belonged to the North-Western Provinces of the British India.
Nehru was an academic persona and graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge where he trained to be a barrister. As he returned to his returned to his home country, he enrolled at the Allahabad High Court, and later found interests in the national politics, that spontaneously led him to the leave the legal practice and pursue politics. As Nehru was a committed nationalist ever since he was a teenager, he became a rising figure in Indian politics in the 1910s as he was the prominent leader of the left-wing factions that belonged to the larger Indian National Congress in the 1920s, and was a subject and follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He subsequently became the Congress President in 1929, and since has been influential in the Indian Independence Movement.
Nehru and his Political Life
Nehru and his part had dominated Indian politics in the critical period of Indian Independence during the 1930s to the day of Indian Independence. His vision of a secular nation-state was approved by the Congress, under his leadership, won the 1937 provincial elections and formed the government in several provinces. But the success of Congress did not last long as the aftermath of the Quit India Movement in 1942 that led the British effectively crush the Congress as a political organization. Even though most of the resources of the country was employed as with the Allie forces in the Second World War, there was a really lesser influence that the party could make under the leadership of Nehru.The years after the Second World War, saw the British Empire in India slowly deteriorating and moving out of the country leading to the Indian Independence in 1947. However, the efforts of Nehru and millions of other leaders had paid off with India becoming a republic in 1947. Moreover, the negotiations between Jinnah, the leader of Muslim League Party and Nehru led the country for a partition in 1947 that led countries of India and Pakistan to be formed. The same year, Nehru was elected by his party as India’s first Prime Minister.
Nehru as the Prime Minister of India
Mahatma Gandhi often acknowledged Nehru as his political heir and successor even before independence. As the first Prime Minister of India, Nehru set out to realize his vision of India to a prosperous country. The efforts of Nehru is evident after the Constitution of India was enacted in 1950, by the time he embarked on an ambitious leverage of economic, political and social reforms in the country. However, Nehru ensured that the country has a republican influence with multiple parties and assure the transition from a country of colonies to a republic. He has to be considered as the reason why India is the largest democracy in the world. Though Nehru’s leadership as the prime minister and the leader of the congress had many consequences, especially the partition, Nehru and Congress party has been dominating the national and state politics that led them to the streak of consecutive wins in elections of the years of 1951, 1957, and 1962. Despite the controversies, Nehru remained popular with the people of India in spite of political troubles even as with the leadership during the War with china in 1962 that led to an outright defeat.
Nehru has been one of the most celebrated political leaders in India, and every year, the country celebrates his birthday as Children’s Day which is also a National Holiday. During his lifetime, Jawaharlal Lal Nehru has been an influential personality on the global front that led the way foreign relation with many powerful nations of the time. He was survived by his only daughter Indira Gandhi who eventually became the first Woman Prime Minister of the country. On the larger perspective, Nehru was instrumental in forming the nation and most of the visions are visible in the makeup of constitution that ensures secularism and socialism as the most upright pillars of the country. Over his tenure as the prime minister of the country, he went on to bring improvisations in reforms indicating social and economic integration that drives the backbone of the nation till date. Though he was also one of the two Prime Ministers of India, apart from Lal Bahadur Shastri to have died in Office.